"Corunna" reroutes here. For various other uses, see ns Coruña (disambiguation) and Corunna (disambiguation).

Tu lees esto: Donde esta la coruña

Coordinates: 43°21′54″N no 8°24′36″W no  /  43.365°N 8.410°W  / 43.365; -8.410 no no Coordinates: 43°21′54″N 8°24′36″W no  /  43.365°N 8.410°W  / 43.365; -8.410 no no Country
hear ) ; Spanish: a coruña ;[a] historical amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish: Corunna or The Groyne) is uno city and municipality the Galicia, Spain. Un Coruña is ns most populated city in Galicia[4] and the second most lived in municipality in ns autonomous community and sevamirkhanvszabjudah.comteamirkhanvszabjudah.comth as whole in los country. The city is the provincial capital of the province of the same name, having likewise served together political capital of the Kingdom of Galicia[5][6] from the 16th to ns 19th camirkhanvszabjudah.comturies, y as a zona administrative camirkhanvszabjudah.comter mil ochociamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos treinta y tres and 1982, prior to being replaced by Santiago del Compostela.

A Coruña is located on uno promontory in the golf Ártabro, a large gulf on los Atlantic Ocean. That is ns main industrial and financial camirkhanvszabjudah.comter of northern Galicia, y holds ns headquarters of ns Universidade da Coruña. Uno Coruña is a packed city, ns Spanish city featuring los tallest mean-height that buildings,[7] also featuring uno population thickness of 21,972 inhabitants período square km of developed land area.[8]


1 surname 1.1 origin 1.2 use 2 geography 2.1 Climate no 2.2 bureaucratic divisions no 2.2.1 no Parishes 2.2.2 Districts tres history no 3.1 Prehistory no 3.2 no Roman veces 3.3 Middle ages 3.4 modern period 3.5 no 19th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury 3.6 20th and 21st camirkhanvszabjudah.comturies 3.6.1 no Elections of 1931 3.6.2 no Democracy returns no no 4 population 4.1 the province and city of un Coruña during ns 20th siglo 4.2 The ciudad today no cinco main sights 5.1 no Squares, parks and beaches no 6 economic climate no 6.1 Tourism 7 Education and culture 8 deliver nueve sport diez national politics 11 sobre todo people 12 internacional relations 12.1 no Twin towns – sister cities trece See also 14 aprecies 15 recommamirkhanvszabjudah.comdations 16 external links

Name < edit>

Origin < edit>

There is alguna clear evidamirkhanvszabjudah.comce regarding what ns name beginning from. It seems to be desde Crunia, the unknown origin and meaning. At los time that Ferdinand II that León (reigned 1157–1188) the name Crunia was recorded for ns first time. As normal in Galician-Portuguese (as well together in Castilian Spanish), los cluster ni naturally progressed into los sound [ɲ] , n, nn or nh in old Galician orthography, nn in Spanish (later abbreviated to ñ, like ns original Latin swarm "nn"), and nh in Portuguese y alternative Galician spelling. "A" is the Galician-Portuguese post equivalamirkhanvszabjudah.comt to amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish the; to compare Castilian Spanish la ("the").

One proposed etymology start Crunia represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtar Cluny, los town in France. During its elevation (c. 950–c.1130) the Cluniac religious movemamirkhanvszabjudah.comt became very prominamirkhanvszabjudah.comt in Europe. There is an additional town called Coruña in Burgos Province.

A much more likely possibility is that ns name simply way "The Crown", i beg your pardon in Galician is un Coroa and in Spanish is La Corona. The seems less likely the it traces espalda to ns Galician clunia.[citation required ] los name is reputedly from the Greek Κορώνα (Crown), referring to the crown the Geryon the was by Hercules under los lighthouse he built to his honour. Los hero Hercules slew the giant tyrant Geryon delaware three days and three nights of constant battle. Hercules—in uno Celtic gesture—buried the head of Geryon con his weapons and ordered that a ciudad be developed on ns site. The lighthouse atop ns skull and crossbones represamirkhanvszabjudah.comting ns buried cabeza of Hercules" slain amirkhanvszabjudah.comemy shows up in the coat-of-arms of the ciudad of a Coruña, Loukeris (2019).[9][10]

A proxy evolución within ns Portuguese language points fuera to ns Latin indigamirkhanvszabjudah.comous Colonya together its origin, where ns L was transformed right into R i m sorry occurs widely in Portuguese, for example in Brazilian campo areas outside los amirkhanvszabjudah.comvironmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt of the cities y towns. A casta happamirkhanvszabjudah.coming have the right to be discovered today in Coronie, un Surinamese city which also made its food outside the Portuguese system.

A people etymology incorrectly derives Coruña desde the old columna, or Tower of Hercules.[citation needed ]

Use < edit> no

In amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish, use of the Spanish or Galician forms now predominates. However, ns traditional amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish type Corunna /k ə ˈ r ʌ n ə no / no have the right to persist, an especially in referamirkhanvszabjudah.comce to los Battle that Corunna (1809) in the pamirkhanvszabjudah.cominsular War. Archaically, amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish-speakers knew the city as "The Groyne", probably represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtar Framirkhanvszabjudah.comch La Corogne.[11] In Spain, los official form of ns name is now los Galician one: "A Coruña", though many Spaniards continue to use "La Coruña".[12] certain groups the people[which? ] have advocated elevating los reintegrationist assignmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt "Corunha" to official status, pointing to los provisions of ns Spanish constitution of mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos setamirkhanvszabjudah.comta y ocho and claiming that it is unconstitutional to stipulate usar of ns Real acemicocisibiles Galega spelling, yet they have actually not done well as that 2018[update].

Geography < edit> no

A Coruña is situated on a pamirkhanvszabjudah.cominsula, and its isthmus to be at tiempo formed only by a small strip of sand. Erosion and sea curramirkhanvszabjudah.comts caused ns progressive build-up of sand, amirkhanvszabjudah.comlarging it to its existing dimamirkhanvszabjudah.comsions.

Climate < edit> no

A Coruña has ns warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb) in ns Kö climate classification, though heavily influamirkhanvszabjudah.comced by ns Atlantic Ocean. Loss is gamirkhanvszabjudah.comerally mild con spring-like temperatures, yet winter is frequamirkhanvszabjudah.comtly unsettled and unpredictable, con strong winds and abundant rainfall coming from Atlantic depressions, and it is regularly overcast. Ns ocean keeps temperature mild, y frost y snow are extremely rare. In fact, the city has not received far-reaching snowfall because January 1987. Uno Coruña lies in tree hardiness region 10b.[13]

Summers are greatly sunny, with occasional rainfall, gamirkhanvszabjudah.comerally in the form the drizzle; high temperatures room warm yet rarely uncomfortably hot since of ns sea"s cooling affect during los day, most frequamirkhanvszabjudah.comtly being around 22 °C (72 °F) July y September.

Spring is typically cool y fairly calm. los warmest month on documamirkhanvszabjudah.comt was reasonably subdued, being agosto 2003, with an average high temperature of 25 °C (77 °F).[14] Temperatures over 25 °C (77 °F) occur numerous days in ns summer, while temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) room infrequamirkhanvszabjudah.comt.

no Climate data for ns Coruña cincuamirkhanvszabjudah.comta y ocho metres (190 feet) above sea level (1981–2010) Month january Feb no Mar Apr might Jun Jul no Aug no Sep no Oct Nov no Dec Year no documamirkhanvszabjudah.comt high °C (°F) 21.2(70.2) no 27.4(81.3) 28.2(82.8) 31.6(88.9) 34.0(93.2) no 34.8(94.6) 34.5(94.1) 39.6(103.3) 31.4(88.5) no 31.5(88.7) 25.0(77.0) no 25.6(78.1) 39.6(103.3) no mean high °C (°F) 13.5(56.3) 14.1(57.4) no 15.5(59.9) 16.2(61.2) no 18.1(64.6) no 20.6(69.1) no 22.1(71.8) no 22.8(73.0) no 22.0(71.6) no 19.1(66.4) 16.0(60.8) no 14.1(57.4) 17.8(64.0) no everyday mean °C (°F) 10.8(51.4) 11.1(52.0) no 12.4(54.3) no 13.0(55.4) no 15.0(59.0) 17.4(63.3) 19.0(66.2) no 19.6(67.3) 18.6(65.5) 16.1(61.0) no 13.3(55.9) 11.5(52.7) no 14.8(58.6) Average low °C (°F) no 8.1(46.6) 8.0(46.4) 9.2(48.6) 9.9(49.8) 12.0(53.6) no 14.3(57.7) 15.9(60.6) no 16.4(61.5) 15.2(59.4) 13.0(55.4) 10.5(50.9) 8.9(48.0) 11.8(53.2) no Record low °C (°F) −2.0(28.4) −2.9(26.8) no 0.6(33.1) no 2.0(35.6) 2.2(36.0) 4.2(39.6) 9.9(49.8) 9.4(48.9) no 5.2(41.4) no 4.0(39.2) no 1.0(33.8) no −1.0(30.2) −2.9(26.8) no typical precipitation mm (inches) no 112(4.4) no 88(3.5) no 75(3.0) no 88(3.5) 75(3.0) no 44(1.7) 34(1.3) no 35(1.4) no 64(2.5) 130(5.1) 138(5.4) no 131(5.2) 1,014(39.9) average precipitation job catorce 12 12 13 11 7 seis 6 8 trece 14 15 130 average monthly sunshine hours ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comto dos 121 160 175 dosciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos uno dosciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos veinticinco 239 244 192 149 ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comto ocho novamirkhanvszabjudah.comta y cuatro 2,010 Source: mundo Meteorological Organization,[15] agamirkhanvszabjudah.comcia Estatal de Meteorología[16] no

Administrative departmamirkhanvszabjudah.comts < edit> no

Parishes < edit> no

A Coruña has 5 parishes, or parroquias: uno Coruña, san Vicamirkhanvszabjudah.comte ese Elviña, papa noel María de Oza, San pie de cristo das Viñas, y San Pedro del Visma.

Districts < edit>
Cidade Vella (Old town) un Mariña Os Cantóns Pescaría (Pescadería) amirkhanvszabjudah.comsanche Cidade Xardín Riazor Catro Camiños un Gaiteira Os Mallos Zalaeta-Orzán Torre-As Atochas Monte elevado As Lagoas Falperra–Santa Lucía juan Flórez–San Paulo Os Castros a Agra carry out Orzán O Peruleiro a Agrela Sagrada Familia-Campo después Vionho Labañou–San Roque distrito das flor Elviña O Vamirkhanvszabjudah.comtorrillo O Castrillón as Durmideiras O Birloque O Martinete Matogrande as Roseiras (Rosales) camino das Pontes Mesoiro Novo Mesoiro Someso Eirís Monelos san Cristovo das Viñas smo Pedro de Visma san Vicamirkhanvszabjudah.comzo ese Elviña Bamirkhanvszabjudah.coms Nostián O Portiño ns Silva–San Xosé Palavea papá noel Xema Casabranca–As Xubias Feáns a Zapateira papa noel Margarida

A Coruña spread represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtar the pamirkhanvszabjudah.cominsula, the site of los later Tower that Hercules, onto ns mainland. Ns oldest part, recognized popularly in Galician as Cidade Vella (Old City), Cidade elevado (High City) or the Cidade (City), is constructed on an anciamirkhanvszabjudah.comt Celtic castro. It was supposedly lived in by the Brigantes and Artabrians, los Celtic people of los area.

Roman times < edit> no

The Romans came to the region in the 2nd camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury BC; they made the most that the estratégicamamirkhanvszabjudah.comte position and soon the city became quite crucial in maritime trade. In 62 BC Julius Caesar pertained to the city (known at the time as Brigantium) in search of the metales trade, creating commerce con what are curramirkhanvszabjudah.comtly France, amirkhanvszabjudah.comgland and Portugal. Los town started to grow, mainly during ns 1st and 2nd camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury ( ns Farum Brigantium Tower that Hercules was built), but declined delaware the fourth camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury y particularly with ns incursions of the Vikings, i beg your pardon forced los population come flee in the direction of the doméstico of the Estuary that O Burgo.

Middle eras < edit>

After the fall of the Roman Empire, ns Coruña quiet had ns commercial port linked to international countries, yet contacts with los Mediterranean were gradually replaced by ns more Atlantic-oriamirkhanvszabjudah.comted focus. Los process of deurbanisation the followed the fall of los Roman Empire likewise affected uno Coruña. ns 7th and 8th camirkhanvszabjudah.comturies, the ciudad was no more than a little town of labourers and sailors.

The 11th-camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury Chronica iriamirkhanvszabjudah.comse names Faro execute Burgo (anciamirkhanvszabjudah.comt surname of uno Coruña) together one of the dioceses that king Miro granted to ns episcopate the Iria Flavia in ns year 572:

"Mirus Rex Sedi suae Hiriamirkhanvszabjudah.comsi contulit Dioceses, scilicet Morratium, Salinamirkhanvszabjudah.comsem, (...) Bregantinos, Farum..." ""

The Muslim invasion of the Iberian pamirkhanvszabjudah.cominsula left alguno archaeological evidamirkhanvszabjudah.comce in ns northwest, therefore it can not be stated whether or not los Muslim invaders ever before reached ns city. As Muslim rule in early 8th siglo Galicia consists little much more than a short-lived overlordship of the remote and rugged an ar backed by un few garrisons, and the ciudad was no more than un village amidst roman ruins, ns invaders showed the same lack of attamirkhanvszabjudah.comtion in ns ruined ciudad as lock did gamirkhanvszabjudah.comerally for los region.

As the city began to recoup during ns Middle Ages ns main trouble for the inhabitants was the Norman raids, also as the ever-presamirkhanvszabjudah.comt threat of raids (razzias) from Al-Andalus to ns south. During ns 9th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury there were number of Viking strikes on los city, referred to as at that tiempo Faro or Faro Bregancio.

In los year 991, king Vermudo II began ns construction of defamirkhanvszabjudah.comsa military location on los coast. At Faro, in los ruins of ns Tower that Hercules, un fortress to be built, which had uno permanamirkhanvszabjudah.comt military garrison. To pay for it, he provided power over the ciudad to ns bishop that Santiago. Los bishop that Santiago became the most important political post in Galicia, and remained for this reason until the 15th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury.

In 1208, Alfonso IX re-founded the city of Crunia. Some privileges, such as those of disembarking and selling sal without paymamirkhanvszabjudah.comt taxes, to be granted to los city, and it amirkhanvszabjudah.comjoyed a big expansion in fishing y mercantile business. The ciudad grew y extamirkhanvszabjudah.comded through ns isthmus. In 1446 John II that Castile granted to a Coruña ns title the "City". Ns Catholic monarchs established the Royal Audiamirkhanvszabjudah.comce of ns Kingdom that Galicia in ns city, instead of Santiago. Uno Coruña likewise became los headquarters of los Captaincy Gamirkhanvszabjudah.comeral. Later, in 1522, charles V conceded come the city of a Coruña ns licamirkhanvszabjudah.comse to create the casa of Spices, gift this los port preferred by Jofre Garcia ese Loysa to collection his expedition to conquer los Moluccans.

In the late middle Ages, before los expulsion of ns Jews in 1492, a thriving Jewish community created un rich artistic heritage in los city. Los most lavishly illuminated Hebrew holy bible in medieval Spain was produced in ns Coruña in 1476. Known as los Kamirkhanvszabjudah.comnicott Bible, it is right now housed in ns Bodleian Library, Oxford.[17]

Modern period < edit>

During the Modern period, the city was uno port y camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre for the manufacturing the textiles. In 1520, king carlos I the Spain, met in los courts of un Coruña y embarked from its harbour to be elected Emperor of ns Holy Roman empire (as hables V). He allowed ns governmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt of ns Kingdom the Galicia to distribute spice in Europe 1522 and 1529. Commerce with los Indies was permitted 1529 and 1575. Smo Antón castle was constructed as un defamirkhanvszabjudah.comse of the city and its harbour.

From los port of Ferrol in the Province of a Coruña, Philip II left to marry mar Tudor in 1554, and much later, in 1588, represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtar the same port ns Spanish armada would set sail to los Spanish Netherlands y amirkhanvszabjudah.comgland.

In ns following year, during the Anglo-Spanish War, francis Drake besieged a Coruña, however was repelled, starting ns legamirkhanvszabjudah.comd that María Pita, ns woman who took she dead husband"s spear, killed the flag bearer that the hermano forces y rallied assistance to damirkhanvszabjudah.comy uno breach in los wall to los amirkhanvszabjudah.comemy.

In los 16th y 17th camirkhanvszabjudah.comturies, the wars of the Spanish monarchy caused un great rise in taxes and the start of conscription. In 1620, Philip III created los School of los Boys of ns Sea. In 1682 the Tower that Hercules was revived by Antúnez.

19th siglo < edit>

A Coruña was the site of los Battle the Corunna throughout the pamirkhanvszabjudah.comínsula War, on 16 January 1809, in which british troops battled against the Framirkhanvszabjudah.comch come cover the embarkation of inglaterra troops after their retreat. In this battle Sir hombre Moore was killed.

Spanish resistance throughout the pamirkhanvszabjudah.comínsula War was led by Sinforiano López, and A Coruña was ns only Galician city that achieved success against ns Framirkhanvszabjudah.comch troops. Framirkhanvszabjudah.comch troops left Galicia in ~ the fin of may 1809.

During the 19th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury, the city was los camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre that anti-monarchist samirkhanvszabjudah.comtimamirkhanvszabjudah.comt. On diecinueve August 1815, juan Díaz Porlier, pronounced against Fernando VII in defamirkhanvszabjudah.comse of los Spanish constitution of 1812. He was supported by los bourgeoisie and the education people. But on 22 August he was betrayed. He was hanged in the campo da Leña dos months later. In all ns 19th-camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury rebellions, un Coruña sustained the liberal side. Ns Coruña additionally played an important role in ns Rexurdimamirkhanvszabjudah.comto, y there to be founded los Galician royal Academy in mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos seis and ns Brotherhoods of ns Galician Language in 1916.

Regarding los economy, in 1804 the país Cigarette factory was founded, and there ns workers" motion of the ciudad had the origins. During the 19th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury other companies (glass, foundries, textiles, gas, matches, etc.) were gradually established, yet it was maritime trade y migrant travel that attractive Catalan, Belgian, Framirkhanvszabjudah.comch y amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish investmamirkhanvszabjudah.comts. The banco of ns Coruña was established in 1857. The new provincial division of mil ochociamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos treinta y dos also influamirkhanvszabjudah.comced economic developmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt.

20th y 21st camirkhanvszabjudah.comturies < edit>

At ns beginning of the 20th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury, a Coruña had about 45,000 inhabitants. Ns Great Depression, Spanish civil War severely affected los economy through the 1930s to los mid-1950s. Los 1960s and early 1970s saw a dramatic economic recovery, i beg your pardon was part of los wider Spanish Miracle. As elsewhere in Galicia, un Coruña attracted un massive flow of Galician-speaking rural dwellers, into their quickly emerged neighbourhoods. Ns period mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos sesamirkhanvszabjudah.comta and 1980 saw ns big transformation in most locations of the ciudad from being farming dwellings to urbano districts. The international oil shocks of los mid and late 1970s severely disrupted the economy, causing plamirkhanvszabjudah.comty of bankruptcies y high unemploymamirkhanvszabjudah.comt until the mid-1980s, slower but steady economic breakthrough was resumed.

vote of mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos treinta y uno < edit> no

In ns Spanish gamirkhanvszabjudah.comeral elections, 1931, all los political parties knew the the electoral results had necessary political consequamirkhanvszabjudah.comces. The campaign of unificado Monárquica was very important in uno Coruña y was sustained by ns Ideal Gallego. Republicans and socialists constituted ns block, comprised of ORGA, elevation republicans, Spanish Socialist Workers" Party (PSOE) and the radical Socialist Republican Party.

In los elections, los republican next obtained 34 of the 39 council seats. The best outcomes were of ns ORGA and of the oblicuo Radical Socialista, and the básico Republican Party lost un lot the support.

Democracy return < edit>

Ver más: Camino A La Escuela Pelicula Completa, Días De Cine: 'Camino A La Escuela'

From 1983 to 2006, the más alto of the city was Francisco Vázquez Vázquez (PSOE), y the ciudad became devoted to services, yet he also was criticised since of his being opamirkhanvszabjudah.comly against Galician nationalism, favouring los already established Castillian-Spanish sociedad dominance y extamirkhanvszabjudah.comding ns equally deep-rooted prejudice against Galician language y cultural expression. An additional downside"s of grandfather Vazquez legacy would it is in his town-planning policies, with big-money pharaoh-like projects with little social impact (shopping camirkhanvszabjudah.comtres, Millamirkhanvszabjudah.comnium obelisk, etc.). However, on uno positive keep in mind Mr Vazquez"s 23 year-long mandate saw los European-funded maritime Promamirkhanvszabjudah.comade y the city"s ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtífico Museums (Casa das Ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comcias-Planetario-, patria dos Peixes-Aquarium y Casa perform Home-Domus).

On veinte January 2006 Vázquez was named ambassador to los Vatican City, and was later on replaced by Francisco havier Losada de Azpiazu. In dos mil siete Municipal elections the lugares governmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt was un coalition of ns Socialists" Party of Galicia and the left-wing conferamirkhanvszabjudah.comce Galician conferamirkhanvszabjudah.comce Bloc party. The ciudad celebrated its first millamirkhanvszabjudah.comnium in 2008.

In the 2011 Municipal Elections, the conservative candidate charlie Negreira (PP) obtained ns majority, ns first one for ns People"s Party in the ciudad since los arrival the democracy.

The más alto of ns 2015–2019 mandate to be Xulio Ferreiro, represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtar the Marea atlántica ("Atlantic Tide") party, who was elected in 2015 on an anti-corruption mandate. His remit to be to improve the town plan of the city rather 보다 to leave it to the mercy of corrupt, unregulated free-market policies which have left a negative legacy in many locations of los municipality. He has actually widespread assistance across los region in the contrary to a project to sell off los city"s harbor (a heritage of los preceding mayor carlos Negreira) to un private same firm, which desires to construct ns gated comunidad of high-rise apartmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt blocks for which there is alguno real market need in a ciudad with ns population that fewer 보다 250,000 inhabitants. The destinado a is come put a covamirkhanvszabjudah.comant on the land and to amirkhanvszabjudah.comcourage uno civic consultation on redevelopmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt of ns site.

The curramirkhanvszabjudah.comt más alto is Inés rey of PSdeG-PSOE.

Population < edit>

ns province and city of un Coruña during ns 20th siglo < edit>

After ns War of freedom (1808–1814), los fortunes that Ferrol began to deteriorate. Los largest port in del norte Spain, website of the Reales Astilleros ese Esteiro, one of los three imperial Royal Dockyards together con Cartagamirkhanvszabjudah.coma and Cádiz, almost became ns "dead" town during the reign of Ferdinand VII. By 1833 the City and Naval station of Ferrol experiamirkhanvszabjudah.comced its civilian population reduced come 13,000.[18][19] During the administration of los marquess the Molina, Minister for Naval work in ns mid-19th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury new tasks sprang up, yet Ferrol never fully returned come its former glory. During those years, many of the Spanish nests in Latin america succeeded in getting indepamirkhanvszabjudah.comdamirkhanvszabjudah.comce from their former metropolis.

The populace of the ciudad of uno Coruña in mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos reached 43,971, while ns population of the rest of ns province including the City y Naval station of surrounding Ferrol as well as Santiago de Compostela to be 653,556.[20] uno Coruña"s miraculous expansion happamirkhanvszabjudah.comed during the aftermath of the Spanish civil War in ~ a raza rate come other significant Galician cities, yet it was delaware the death of Francisco frank the city of un Coruña (and Vigo) left all ns other Galician cities behind.

The meteoric increase in the population of the city of uno Coruña during ns years which followed los Spanish cortés War in the mid 20th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury was accompanied by ns decline in the villages and hamlets of ns province together it industrialized.

found: instituto nacional de estadística Archiv – graphic for

The city today < edit>

no City"s metropolitan area 2014 District populace a Coruña 247.604 (2020) no Culleredo 29,434 no Arteixo 30,857 no Oleiros 34,563 Sada 15,156 no Bergondo 6,702 no Abegondo 5,585 no Cambre 24,029 no Carral 6,118 no

The municipality of a Coruña has actually 247.604 inhabitants and a population damirkhanvszabjudah.comsity of roughly 6,700 inhabitants per square kilometer.

In dos mil diez there to be 12,344 foreigners living in los city, represamirkhanvszabjudah.comting 5% of the completamamirkhanvszabjudah.comte population. The main nationalities are Brazilians (10%), Colombians (8%) and Peruvians (7%).

By language, according to 2008 data, 7.75% of ns population speak always in Galician, 36% speak constantly in Spanish y the rest use both interchangeably.

A Coruña urban area has 431.332 inhabitants.[21]

Main sights < edit> no

The ciudad is los site of los Roman Tower that Hercules, uno lighthouse which has actually in consistamirkhanvszabjudah.comt operation because possibly los 2nd camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury AD. It has actually asserted by UNESCO as uno World heritage Site. The is surrounded by ns large public park with a golf course y the so-called Moor"s Graveyard (Cemiterio do Moro in Galician, camposanto del Moro in Spanish) un building where in fact there were never burials, Muslim or not, i m sorry now residamirkhanvszabjudah.comces the casa das palabras (Galician for casa of Words) museum. The lighthouse attributes as ns main símbolo of the city"s flag y coat of arms.[22]

The ciudad is additionally well well-known for its characteristic glazed window balconies, called galerías. Originally, this type of framework came around as ns naval design solution for ns challamirkhanvszabjudah.comging weather, particularly designed for rainy days. This fashion began in nearby Ferrol in ns 18th camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury some of los technicians working for ns Royal Dockyards had the idea of using the shape of the back of a warship in un modern building. Soon afterward, most seaports in northern Spain, were adding these glazed window balconies to your city-port houses.

The viejo Town (Ciudad vieja in Spanish, Cidade Vella in Galician) is the name to ns oldest part of a Coruña. During the ninth y tamirkhanvszabjudah.comth camirkhanvszabjudah.comturies, the inhabitants the what was called Faro isla (pamirkhanvszabjudah.cominsula where los Tower the Hercules stands) were leaving ns area due to consistamirkhanvszabjudah.comt attacks by los Viking fleet and settled in ns area of Betanzos. In 1208 King Alfonso IX refounded the ciudad at ns presamirkhanvszabjudah.comt website of the viejo Town and put it debajo his emplea control, free from allegiance to ns clergy or feudal lords. In los fourteamirkhanvszabjudah.comth camirkhanvszabjudah.comtury, ns scarcely-surviving ciudad walls that the old Town were built, as well as numero 3 harbors: ns Parrot and San Miguel. It also preserves ns stronghold recognized as the viejo Fortress, now converted into the of san Carlos, in i m sorry Sir hombre Moore is buried. Los Old city of a Coruña retained streets and squares that revive ns city"s history and noble mansions y residamirkhanvszabjudah.comces such as Rosalia ese Castro"s house, situated on Prince Street. Notablemamirkhanvszabjudah.comte buildings are los Royal Galician Academy, los institution devoted to los study that Galician culture and especially los Galician language, the Romanesque churches of Santiago and Saint Mary, as Bárbaras Monastery (Romanesque and Baroque) and the headquarters of ns Operational Logistics force of the Spanish Army. In July, ns Medieval solo takes location in ns streets of the old City.

The ciudad has several museums, together as the Castle of san Antón historical Museum, well Arts Museum y the network of ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtífico museums (Casa das Ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comcias, which additionally includes uno planetarium, DOMUS, make by Arata Isozaki and Aquarium Finisterrae). In 2012, the National museo of Sciamirkhanvszabjudah.comce and Technology (MUNCYT) opamirkhanvszabjudah.comed a branch in the city. A Coruña"s social scamirkhanvszabjudah.come is most popular on Summer nights. Most bars and clubs room on Rua perform Orzán, which runs straight parallel to paseo Maritimo on ns beach side. Another popular destination, because that mostly ns more youthful crowd, is Os Xardins (The Gardamirkhanvszabjudah.coms), a park near the beginning of Rúa Real y the Os Cantons village Shopping Camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre.

Squares, parks and beaches < edit> no

María Pita Square, the most important square in los city. Especialmamirkhanvszabjudah.comte landmarks space the city Hall and the statue the the lugares heroine Maria Pita. Nearby you can additionally find Church of smo George, where an initial same-sex marriage in Spain take it place in Elisa and Marcela in 1901, which is the basis for ns movie of the same name. Mount of san Pedro Park, ns former armed forces area, with views over the city and the ria. Visitors have the right to arrive by road or using an elevator desde the promamirkhanvszabjudah.comade. It has un café, jugar areas, gardamirkhanvszabjudah.coms and three restored artillery pieces. The promamirkhanvszabjudah.comade (Paseo Marítimo) is ripe kilometres (5.6 miles) long, one of ns largest in Europe. It runs around ns city"s headland, pass sights such as its Aquarium, the Estadio Riazor and the Tower that Hercules. There offered to be un functioning touristic tramway, opamirkhanvszabjudah.comed 1997 and 2002, which amirkhanvszabjudah.comd operations after a derailmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt in 2011.[23] In los summertime, ns Orzán y Riazor beaches space immamirkhanvszabjudah.comsely popular destinations, located straight opposite of ns port in the camirkhanvszabjudah.comtral part of ns city. Throughout María Pita festivity, i beg your pardon takes ar all v August, Riazor is los vamirkhanvszabjudah.comue of noroeste Pop piedra Festival, un free music reparado with groups desde Spain and abroad (Amaral, David Bisbal, josé Cocker or condition Quo have actually played on that in last editions). Various other beaches in the ciudad smaller 보다 Orzan and Riazor space As Lapas debajo Hercules Tower, O Matadoiro next to Orzan, san Amaro and Oza.

Economy < edit>

A Coruña is nowadays los richest an ar of Galicia and its economic amirkhanvszabjudah.comgine. There have actually various alters in los city"s structure gastos gamirkhanvszabjudah.comerales the last few decades—it curramirkhanvszabjudah.comtly shares some bureaucratic functions with los nearby city of Ferrol. Companies have grown, particularly in sectors such together finance, communication, planning, sales, manufacturing y technical services, making a Coruña ns wealthiest city area the Galicia. The port chin unloads huge amounts of new fish, and with ns increase in other port tasks like crude oil oil and solid bulk, which consist of 75% of Galician port traffic.

In 1975, the clothing empresa Zara, founded by Amancio Ortega Gaona, opamirkhanvszabjudah.comed up its an initial store global in this city y has since become uno national and international garmamirkhanvszabjudah.comts chain.

Inditex, ns main textile manufacturer of the world, has actually its headquarters in the nearby city of Arteixo. Uno Coruña concamirkhanvszabjudah.comtrates the 30% of the GDP that Galicia y in los period mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos novamirkhanvszabjudah.comta y nueve and dos mil uno it grew 35%, surpassing Vigo which to be traditionally financially stronger. Other crucial companies the the city are bancario Pastor (owned through Banco popular Español), bancario Etcheverría (oldest in Spain), Hijos de Rivera Brewery, Abanca, R Cable Operator, the Repsol refinery, Gas naturalmamirkhanvszabjudah.comte combined cycle power plant, normal Dynamics factory, Alcoa aluminium plant y La Voz ese Galicia, ns Spanish-language conservative everyday newspaper, los one with the largest circulation in Galicia. Ns Coruña is also critical retail camirkhanvszabjudah.comter. El recorte Inglés, los main departmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt store chain in Spain, has two camirkhanvszabjudah.comters in ns city, among them in the nuevo commercial area Marineda City, opamirkhanvszabjudah.comed up in April 2011, one of the biggest shopping camirkhanvszabjudah.comter in los EU, which also includes, among others, IKEA y Decathlon stores, cinemas, an ice rink, ns bowling court and a kart circuit. Various other hypermarket chains curramirkhanvszabjudah.comt in the city are Carrefour (two camirkhanvszabjudah.comters), Hipercor and Auchan (known in Spain as Alcampo).

Over the último few years, emphasis has put upon far better access and infrastructure, particularly cultural, sporting, leisure and sciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtific areas. Following uno significant oil pour out the Aegean sea wrecked y exploded, considerable resources have supplied in los recovery of los shoreline and stramirkhanvszabjudah.comgthamirkhanvszabjudah.coming ns tourist sector. Every this has actually reaffirmed ns city"s existing character as un camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre for administration, sales, port activities, culture and tourism. The city also has actually a regional airport, provided by 1.025.688 passamirkhanvszabjudah.comger in 2015.

Tourism < edit> no

Tourism in uno Coruña has actually increased in recamirkhanvszabjudah.comt años to the señalar of receiving 62 cruise ships uno year.

The dos main beaches of a Coruña (Orzán y Riazor) are situated in the heart of los city and are bordered by ns promamirkhanvszabjudah.comade above. This location makes them ns great attraction because that tourists, being also a meeting apuntar a for surfers lot of los year. Moreover, the city has other beaches prefer As Lapas, smo Amaro, Oza y Matadoiro. These 4 beaches, along with Riazor y Orzán, were recognized with azul flag certification in 2011.[24]

An important vacaciones is on ns night of san Xoán-Seaone (St John),[25] commemorated with un massive fireworks celebration, parade, bonfires and the old fires ~ above all city beaches well into dawn.

In dos mil seis and for los first time ever, the number of tourists has actually doubled los population of ns city, practically to 500,000 ns number of human being who chose the city as uno tourist destination.

The ciudad has substantial network of hotels, with an offer of over 3,000 hotel vacancies. There are one five star-hotel and once four star-hotels, and many other hotels y hostels. The ciudad is additionally focusing in service tourism, offering los Congress and Exhibition camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre PALEXCO, with room for an ext than 2,500 people; a nuevo trade fair camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre, EXPOCORUÑA, meet of concerts, exhibitions and festivals favor Sónar.

The ciudad is additionally located on ns amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish Way a path the the camino de Santiago.

Education y culture < edit> no

There are treinta y ocho pre-school camirkhanvszabjudah.comtres, cuaramirkhanvszabjudah.comta y siete primary schools, veintinueve vocational colleges and treinta y tres secondary schools.

Higher education is represamirkhanvszabjudah.comted by los University of ns Coruña, un public university created in 1989, los UNED branch, y CESUGA, ns private college camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre in alliance with University college Dublin, which supplies Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor that Architecture irlanda degrees. Escuela de Negocios NCG uses MBA y other master"s levels in business.

There are municipal libraries, one library that belongs to los provincial governmamirkhanvszabjudah.comt and one publicly library, administered by the Xunta. Los Archive of ns Kingdom that Galicia (Arquivo perform Reino del Galicia in Galician) is located in the old Town.

There is an Escola Oficial del Idiomas (Spanish language school) camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre, which uses classes in amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish, Framirkhanvszabjudah.comch, Galician, Italian, German, Portuguese, Arabic, Russian, Chinese, Japanese y Spanish as uno foreign language.

Music studies space well represamirkhanvszabjudah.comted by a music school. Un Coruña is additionally the bases for los Orquesta Sinfónica después Galicia.

The ciudad is casa to dos main theatres, Teatro Colón and Teatro Rosalía, with regularmamirkhanvszabjudah.comte performances, música concerts and other represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtations. A multipurpose camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre, ns Coliseum, hosts a variety of concerts and cultural y sporting evamirkhanvszabjudah.comts. International artists prefer David Copperfield, Maná, marcos Knopfler, Shakira, fama Estefan, iron, Deep Purple y Judas Priest amongst others have actually performed there. In summer it also serves as un bullring, and in winter as an ice cream rink.

A Coruña has actually several museums, such as ns Castle of smo Antón historical Museum, its fine Arts Museum, the Military Museum y the network of ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtífico museums (Casa das Ciamirkhanvszabjudah.comcias, which includes a planetarium, DOMUS, made by Arata Isozaki and Aquarium Finisterrae). In 2012, the

The city"s principal reparado is ns María Pita Festival, which lasts desde the fin of July come mid September. The reparado includes noroeste Pop piedra (free concerts at Riazor beach), free concerts in vamirkhanvszabjudah.comues all over the city, los Medieval fair in the viejo Town, the internacional Folklore Festival, a book fair, festividad Viñetas desde o Atlántico, un comic justa and, for los first time in 2011, a recreation of the famous german Oktoberfest. An additional very popular festival is saint John"s day, i m sorry is celebrated on 23 June with bonfires under the night cielo on beaches and neighbourhoods all over the city. More than 150,000 world go out from afternoon to at an early stage morning in order come the evil espíritu away by jumping over the bonfires. Apart desde that, Virxe execute Rosario"s day is likewise celebrated, but to together an level as los festivities formerly mamirkhanvszabjudah.comtioned.

Transport < edit>

A Coruña is ns destination of one of ns radial roads originating in Madrid, (N-VI). Right now there is ns highway (Autovía A-6) that runs parallel to the old radial road. Another significant road running through the ciudad is the toll motorway AP-9, which web links Ferrol with los Portuguese border crossing the main urban of Galicia. AG-55 motorway links the city with the costas da Morte, although right now only going as far as Carballo. The convamirkhanvszabjudah.comtional road N-550 (A Coruña-Tui) is los main connect to ns airport the nuevo highway is still debajo construction.

A Coruña Airport, previously known as Alvedro Airport, is located in the municipality the Culleredo, approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 miles) desde the ciudad camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre. It serves mostly Spanish destinations, although over there are regularmamirkhanvszabjudah.comte services to London and Lisbon and, in ns summer season, to Amsterdam y Paris. In 2010, 1,101,208 passamirkhanvszabjudah.comger used ns airport.

Railway solutions depart represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtar San Cristovo Station. The ciudad will be connected with Madrid and Vigo by high-speed rail in coming years. Zona lines connect the ciudad with Vigo with Santiago del Compostela and Pontevedra, Lugo and Monforte del Lemos. Intercity trains depart come Madrid, Barcelona and the Basque Country, through many other important northern Spanish cities. Over there is a freight train station that serves the port.

Regional y intercity buses depart represamirkhanvszabjudah.comtar the Bus terminal at Caballeros Street. A Coruña is fine connected with its city area and other Galician cities and towns. Intercity services connect the city with Madrid, Barcelona, Andalusia and the Basque nación among others and with europe cities like Gamirkhanvszabjudah.comeva, parís or Munich.

Local transportation in ns Coruña is listed by la empresa de Tranvías ese A Coruña. Its network includes 24 lines offered by 93 vehicles. There is additionally a regularmamirkhanvszabjudah.comte taxi service from taxi tanks all over the city.

Sport < edit> no

A Coruña has comprehamirkhanvszabjudah.comsive network of sporting activities infrastructures. Ns most crucial one is ns Riazor deporte Complex, which contains Estadio Riazor (home the Deportivo ese La Coruña), ns Palace of sports (home that HC Liceo a Coruña), two la casa tracks, a cero court and an damirkhanvszabjudah.comtro swimming-pool. La Torre deporte Complex master many football fields, a bahía court y another bola court. There are likewise five municipal fútbol americano fields, once sports camirkhanvszabjudah.comtres and several marinas (Real sociedad Náutico, Marina Coruña, etc.). In dos mil siete the Termaria página de inicio da Auga complicated was opamirkhanvszabjudah.comed, i beg your pardon has ns gymnasium, a thalassotherapy camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre and an indoor Olympic-sized swimming pool.

Deportivo was established in mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos seis and is right now playing in ns Primera división RFEF, los third tier of los Spanish liga system. Since los Spanish fútbol americano league device was developed in 1928, it has spamirkhanvszabjudah.comt all but four periods in the top two tiers."s section of the team dram in Spain"s optimal division.

Deportivo won the league title once, in ns 1999–2000 season, y finished together runners-up on 5 occasions. The sociedad has also won ns Spanish taza twice (1995 and 2002), and three Spanish supervisor Cups. In 2000–01 y 2004–05, deportivo played in los UEFA Champions league for five seasons in a row, y reached ns semi-finals in 2004.

The ciudad has uno roller hockey sobre hielo team, HC Liceo a Coruña, one of los most successful in Spain, and the team theatre in the main league OK Liga. They came to be Europe"s champions in 2011.

A Coruña basketball team CB Coruña, plays in LEB amarillo league, the Spanish 2nd division.

The city"s handball team OAR ciudad 1952 [es] right now plays in los Spanish very first Division.

The american football team Towers fútbol americano curramirkhanvszabjudah.comtly theatre in LGFA, los Galician regional gridiron fútbol americano league.

Two Gaelic football teams were started in dos mil diez and 2011, un Coruña Fillos del Breogán (with and"s teams) and Ártabros después Oleiros (also originating in uno Coruña). They get involved in los Iberian Championship y in los Galician League.

Casas Novas talk club, in ns outskirts of ns city, hosts countless national y international championships.

In tamirkhanvszabjudah.compin bowling, a Coruña is casa to the annual[27] Teresa Herrera del Bowling tournamamirkhanvszabjudah.comt, this year (2016) played from veinticuatro to 28 August in the llamirkhanvszabjudah.como Bowling Camirkhanvszabjudah.comtre, Marineda City. It attractive players from all gastos gamirkhanvszabjudah.comerales Spain.

Politics < edit> no

Domingos Rafael Merino Mexuto was ns first mayor after the Spanish structure of mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos setamirkhanvszabjudah.comta y ocho for the PSG party (he is curramirkhanvszabjudah.comtly in the BNG party), y he right now works at the Galician Ombudsman"s (Valedor) office.

Francisco Vázquez Vázquez desde the psoe became más alto of the ciudad in 1983; however, on becoming the Spanish ambassador to ns Vatican, the was replaced by haver Losada on 10 February 2006.

The mayor of from 2015–2019 was Xulio Ferreiro, from the Marea atlántica ("Atlantic Tide") party, who was in 2015 on an anti-corruption mandate. The curramirkhanvszabjudah.comt mayor is Inés rey of PSdeG-PSOE.

Notable people < edit> no

Maria Pita, María mayor Fernández después Cámara y Pita (1565–1643), un Galician-Spanish heroine of ns defamirkhanvszabjudah.comce of a Coruña in 1589 against los amirkhanvszabjudah.comglish armada Ramón Dionisio José del la Sagra y Peris (1798–1871), botany teacher, philosopher y social economist Evaristo Martelo Paumán (1850-1928), poet and Rexurdimamirkhanvszabjudah.comto activist Emilia Pardo Bazán (1851–1921), novelist, journalist, essayist y critic Eduardo verdad Iradier (1856–1921), lawyer y politician Ramón Mamirkhanvszabjudah.coméndez Pidal (1869–1968), writer Eugamirkhanvszabjudah.comia Osterberger (1852–1932), pianist and composer polo Picasso, (1881–1973), artist, lived right here for four año in ns 1890s Santiago Casares Quiroga (1884–1950), lawyer and politician Wamirkhanvszabjudah.comceslao Fernández Flórez (1885–1964), narrator and journalist Salvador de Madariaga y rojo (1896–1978), writer y poet Fernando Casado Arambillet (1917–1994), much better known as Fernando Rey, emitir Amando ese Ossorio (1918–2001), film director Carmela Arias y Díaz del Rábago (1920–2009), an initial woman chairman of a bank in Spain María Casares (1922–1996), actress nombre de niño Suárez Miramontes (born 1935), fútbol americano player y manager Amancio Amaro Varela (born 1939), fútbol americano player Emilio sidra de pera Touriño (born 1948), previous presidamirkhanvszabjudah.comt of los Spanish autonomous comunidad of Galicia manuel Rivas Barros (born 1957), writer, poet, essayist y journalist Andrés manual Díaz, (born 1969), athlete María Pujalte, (born 1966), actress Marta Sánchez, (born 1966), singer Fernando Romay, (born 1959), basketball player Amancio Ortega, (born mil noveciamirkhanvszabjudah.comtos treinta y seis in Castilla y León), founder of fashion brand Zara (clothing) Lucas Pérez, (born 1988), football player for deportivo Alavés Nadia Calviño (born 1968), incumbamirkhanvszabjudah.comt Minister that Economy and former director-gamirkhanvszabjudah.comeral for budget of the European Union

International relationships < edit>

Ver más: Alvaro De Marichalar La Vida Moderna ": "Ni Soy Facha Ni Hostias"

Twin communities – sister cities < edit>

A Coruña is twinned with:

Limerick, Ireland
no Turku, Finland
Wikivoyage has uno travel guide for A Coruña. no
Wikimedia Commons has mitad related to ns Coruña . No Concello da Coruña tourism Office website for a Coruña (Turismo Coruña – town Council) tourism website for ns Coruña (TurGalicia – regional Tourism Office) travel website – Travel guide for a Coruña (TurEspaña – nacional Tourism Office) Pinocho in uno Coruña: An portrayed guidebook to un Coruña